Homer mentions Kythira island in his epic work, “Iliad”.
According to the «Theogony» of Hesiod, Aphrodite, the goddess of Eros, was born in the sea of Kythira and stepped on the island for the very first time.
Isidore (geographer of the 1st century AD) supported a subversive view, that is, that the island took its name from Aphrodite of Kythira and not the other way around. In fact, he spoke for the first time about the meaning of the verb “κεύθω” and its relation to the goddess and the island. “Κεύθω” means I hide love, while those who make love on the island), discover the hidden erotic passion.
The most famous love couple of the Greek mythology, Paris and Helen of Troy found refuge in Kythira after the abduction, in the fairy cave of Mylopotamos. One of the most impressive rooms of the cave is called “Aphrodite’s baths".
Other great writers of antiquity refer to the island of Kythira as well. Among them are Herodotus, Dionysus, and even Aristotle, who admits that the island was called Porphyrousa - because of the purple processing, and Xenophon in Greek uses the term: “κυθηρία γή” which means kytherian land.